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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113-116

Giant juvenile fibroadenoma in a young female-A diagnostic dilemma


Department of Pediatric Surgery, ABVIMS and Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pinaki Ranjan Debnath
Flat No-Cgv 193, V-Tower, Dlf Capital Greens, Moti Nagar, New Delhi - 110 015
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ipcares.ipcares_91_21

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Background: Fibroadenoma is the most common breast lesion among pediatric female population. A giant fibroadenoma is rare, characterized by a rapidly growing tumor, with a mass >5 cm diameter in greatest dimension and/or weighing more than 500 gm. Phyllodes tumor range from benign to malignant. Both have similar presentation. Clinical Description: An 11-year-old girl presented with rapidly progressive, painless increase in the size of the left breast over 2 months. Local examination revealed a firm nontender mass involving the upper inner and outer quadrants of the left breast along with the retro-areolar region. The mass was mobile and measured approximately 11 cm × 10 cm. The overlying skin was normal, although with dilated veins and free from underlying mass. The clinical phenotype was suggestive a phyllodes tumor in view of rapid progression and large size. However, the ultrasonogram and fine-needle aspiration cytology favored a fibroadenoma. Management: It was decided to perform a “Nipple-areolar complex sparing lumpectomy” with deferment of reconstructive surgery. Adequate lump excision was achieved while maintaining proper cosmesis. The histopathological findings of the excision biopsy confirmed the final diagnosis of fibroadenoma. Conclusion: A large breast mass in a pediatric/adolescent girl poses a diagnostic dilemma to the treating surgeon. Proper evaluation is needed to differentiate between several benign breast masses from malignant ones. The definitive diagnosis is made histologically. Total excision of the lump with conservation of nipple and areola is indicated to make a definitive diagnosis and to relieve the compression of the normal breast tissue.


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