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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-78

Last-mile delivery of early childhood development services: The role of community health workers in dadra nagar-haveli district

1 Developmental Pediatrics Unit, Ummeed Child Development Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Early Childhood Development and Disabilities Unit, Ummeed Child Development Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fernaz Dotivala
Ummeed Child Development Center, 1-B, Mantri Pride Building, NM Joshi Marg, Near Aurthur Road Junction, Subhash Nagar, Lower Parel, East, Mumbai - 400 011, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipcares.ipcares_52_22

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Background: India has the dual challenge of a high prevalence of developmental delay and disabilities in early childhood and a paradoxical underutilization of available intervention services due to limited accessibility and acceptability by their families. Early Childhood Development (ECD) services delivered by community health workers (CHWs) ensure its last-mile delivery to every household. IIts acceptability is improved by including evidence-based, culturally, and contextually sensitive approaches as is done in the International Guide for Monitoring Child Development (IGMCD). The IGMCD is a tool that monitors and supports the development of children under 3 years of age and also enables provision of early intervention services when required. The IGMCD, recognizes caregiver strengths and priorities and helps to build a rapport between caregivers and providers. Clinical Description: We describe six children and their families from Velugam, Dadra-Nagar Haveli district, who received ECD services from CHWs who used the IGMCD package. These cases highlight how the CHWs used the IGMCD package to identify developmental delays, health and psychosocial risk factors to development and provide strategies to caregivers to support their children's development. Management: The CHW used individualized strategies to promote responsive caregiving and enhance opportunities for early learning. In addition, the IGMCD package reinforces health, nutrition, and ECD-directed messages that are provided at the Anganwadi centers. Conclusion: Children and families in underserved communities can receive comprehensive ECD services through CHWs who are trained to deliver the IGMCD.

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