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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-28

Insulin edema in an adolescent girl with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes mellitus

Department of Paediatrics, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rekha Krishnan
Adrija, TC 8/864 (3), Elluvila Nagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ipcares.ipcares_270_21

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Background: Insulin edema is a rare complication that can occur following either initiation or intensification of insulin treatment in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). It is an under reported condition. Awareness of this complication among physicians is important for early identification of this condition, and prompt initiation of treatment. Clinical Description: We present an 11-year-old girl with 2-month history of weight loss and 1-month history of polyuria and polydipsia who presented to us in moderate diabetic ketoacidosis. She developed anasarca and pulmonary edema 3 days after starting insulin. She also developed transaminitis a serum serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase of 81 U/L and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase of 83 U/L. A diagnosis of insulin edema was established after ruling out other causes like severe anemia, renal, cardiac and allergic causes. We also present a brief review of seven similar cases that we identified on a literature search. Management and Outcome: This included salt and fluid restriction along with diuretics. Edema resoled after 4 days of treatment, while transaminitis took 7 days to normalize. Conclusion: This case report highlights the importance of early recognition of the rare complication of insulin edema which can avoid unnecessary anxiety on the part of both treating physicians and parents of patients with Type 1 DM.

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